POST-GRADUATE EDUCATION

The Department of Physics is responsible for post-graduate training in physics, theoretical physics, particle physics and in physics teacher training together with the Department of Teacher Education in the Faculty of Education.

The large size of the Department allows for offering an effective post-graduate training program. On the basis of the number of post-graduate degrees the Department of Physics is in the top rank in Finland. Collaboration in post-graduate education with the former Research Institute for Theoretical Physics and the Helsinki University of Technology, which has a long tradition, will be continued with the newly formed Helsinki Institute of Physics (HIP) and that with the Helsinki University of Technology. International co-operation is pursued actively and it seems an essential element of post-graduate education.

The median of the age distribution of the graduating doctors in the Department was 33.0 years in the period 1987-91 and 31.5 in the period 1992-96. There will be an effort to still shorten the time needed to accomplish a doctor's degree by increasing the intensity of surveillance.

In order to support and make more effective doctoral education a new so-called research education program has been founded in the Department. At most, 20 undergraduate students with a doctoral perspective will be chosen on that line annually. In the spring 1996 13 students who started their studies in 1994 and 9 who started in 1995 were chosen on the basis of their applications. In the autumn of 1996 20 students were chosen.

The nationwide researcher education programs (GS programs), which were started in the beginning of 1995, form an effective platform for realizing post-graduate education. The Department of Physics is along in four nationwide programs: Materials physics GS (7 persons), Particle and nuclear physics GS (3 persons), Mathematics, physics and chemistry teachers GS (coordination responsibility), and Astrophysics GS (1 person).

The progress of the studies and research work of post-graduate students were encouraged by employing the most successful students in research groups, assistantships which have become vacant and allowing them to take work as locums.